El incremento de las alteraciones auditivas en población infantil: una revisión narrativa

The Increase of Hearing Disorders in the Child Population Una revisión sistemática de la literatura Científica

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Alejandro Cano-Villagrasa
Miguel López-Zamora
Nadia Porcar-Gozalbo
Resumen

El desarrollo del habla, el lenguaje, la comunicación, la cognición y otros aspectos en la infancia se ven profundamente influenciados por la audición. Cuando un niño presenta pérdida auditiva no detectada o no tratada, se reducen los estímulos y se dificulta el desarrollo de habilidades lingüísticas. La falta de atención temprana puede llevar a retrasos en el desarrollo del lenguaje, afectando la capacidad del niño para comprender y comunicarse. La hipoacusia pediátrica es un problema de salud pública que afecta a un porcentaje significativo de niños en todo el mundo. El aumento de la causa de la hipoacusia infantil en diferentes países se atribuye a factores como la falta de conciencia y educación sobre la importancia de la detección temprana, la disponibilidad y acceso limitados a servicios de detección y diagnóstico, la ausencia de programas de detección temprana en algunos países y la necesidad de contar con profesionales de la salud capacitados en el manejo de la audición pediátrica. Todo ello puede afectar áreas fundamentales del desarrollo, incluyendo el lenguaje y la comunicación, el desarrollo cognitivo, sensorial, motor y adaptativo. Por tanto, este trabajo tuvo el objetivo de llevar a cabo una revisión narrativa de la literatura científica sobre la situación de las alteraciones auditivas en la población pediátrica.

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Biografía del autor/a / Ver

Alejandro Cano-Villagrasa, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Internacional de Valencia

Coordinador del Grado en Logopedia de la Universidad Internacional de Valencia

Miguel López-Zamora, Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación. Facultad de Psicología y Logopedia. Universidad de Málaga

Profesor Contratado Doctor de la Universidad de Málaga

Nadia Porcar-Gozalbo, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Internacional de Valencia

Profesional Docente Investigador de la Universidad Internacional de Valencia.

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